Q:Is the subject I have chosen historically significant?
A: Yes I believe the Anglo-Zulu was is historically significant because it was landmark in the timeline of colonialism in the region.
Q: Is the focus of my proposed study a narrow one or is it too broad to allow in-depth investigation?
A: The Anglo-Zulu war would suggest it would be too broad to discuss however, the war only lasted from the 11th of January 1879 to the 4th of July 1879. This would mean I would able to provide an in-depth investigation into the topic.
Q: Are my proposed sources primary or specialist secondary?
A: My proposed sources are mostly secondary. My sources being the book Brave Men’s Blood : The Epic of the Zulu War, 1879 by Ian Knight and the movie Zulu directed by Cy Endfield. Which give detailed descriptions of the events that occurred during the Anglo-Zulu War.
Q: Have I explained clearly how I intend carrying out my research?
A:Yes I have given the sources which I intend to use in my research of the Anglo-Zulu war in 1879.
Q: Have I given enough information to establish the authenticity of my sources and/or the evidence drawn from them?
A: I believe I have given the information to establish the authenticity of my sources I have given the name of both film and book which I will be using in my research along with the name of the author and direction of the two sources.
Q: How does my subject fit in with what else was happening in the world at the time.
A: The Anglo-Zulu war gave took place around the time during the decline of the British Empire and the death of imperialism so I believe the Anglo-Zulu war fits in to what else was going on around the world at the time.
Why I Chose This Topic
I chose this topic for research study because I am interested:
-> the impact this war had on colonialism
-> the causes and impact of the Anglo-Zulu War.
Aims of Research Study.
To develop research skills which I can use in further research or work; to gain experience in the work of the historian.
To develop the ability to think independently; to develop a spirit of inquiry and critical thinking.
To gain experience in self-directed learning which will be of importance to me in my future career.
How I Will Research The Topic: the Intended Approach
I will consult sources in:
-> my school library,
-> the local county library branch,
-> the reference section of the country library, and
-> the Internet
I will read books and documents based on and from the war, which will I use as primary and secondary sources. I will then use the internet and print off various sources. I will evaluate all the sources and use them to write up my research study.
The Sources I Will Consult:
Books and Articles:
Zulu Rising: The Epic Story of Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift.
The Anglo-Zulu War Museum
The Anglo-Zulu Society:
KwaZulu – History of Anglo-Zulu War:
Anglo/Zulu War of 1879
Zulu: The True Story
Evaluation of the Sources:
Overall, I found the Internet sources quite average, and in very short supply. The Anglo-Zulu War Museum once registered gave some very good primary sources of what both sides battle gear was, newspaper articles and weapons used during the word. Also it was a great site to find books about the Anglo-Zulu War. I found it was a good site.
However, both the Anglo-Zulu Society (required paid membership and “privileges) and KwaZulu (very little information in my opinion) were both found to be very annoying to use and information were very difficult to find and use.
The history net site gave a great detailed account of the battle of hlobane. While they are no primary sources I found it to be a great read full of detail. I found it to be a reliable sources as both writers William Watson Race and Jon Guttman had combined their knowledge and research of the war to describe the battle. The article was published in Military History magazine back in 1996.
To develop a background of the war I used Wikipedia. However, knowing that it can be somewhat of an unreliable sources I did not read into it with great detail. It gave me a small sense of when the war started, why and who was main characters in the war.
One very useful sight was BBC’s history sight which seem to give an unbiased summary of the war, whilst also recommending books for people who require/who like to research the war in greater detail.
Zulu Rising: The Epic Story of Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift:
Ian Knight the author of the book doesn’t just write about two of the most ferocious battles of the Zulu War at Isandlwana and Rorke’s Drift, but also about the rise of the Zulu army decades before the war began, and the growing tensions between the British army and the Zulu Kingdom. At the start of the book he has pages and pages filled with maps of the key battles in the Zulu war, showing what routes the British and Zulu army’s came/attack from. The author also reports on his time out on the areas where the Zulu’s and the British fault and the effect it has left on the surrounding villages. I found this book crucial to my research. I found through my reading of Zulu Rising the author Ian knight was fair and unbiased to both sides of the war. The book was mainly full of secondary sources, but contained some primary sources such as the battle maps and quotes from men at the war such as Charlie Harford.
The Anglo-Zulu war was a battle which lasted for a period of less then seven months, but tensions had been brewing between for nearly a century before it. The war itself was deemed an ‘unnecessary one’ by historians, but it did happen and both the British and the Zulu’s were left to pay for it.
The Zulu tribe had grown to be a dominant force in Africa, thanks to one of their former leaders King Shaka. Shaka had expanded the Zulu empire massively by reaching out to the neighboring tribes and persuading them to join. This was a very impressive feat, because to obtain land the leader of a tribe would have to agree to it, and the natives would bury their elders in the land, so it was considered holy and the natives would be reluctant to give the land up. Despite his great work, Shaka was assassinated and replaced by his brother Dingane.
Initially, the British government had little interest in any Zulu activity and certainly did not have any desire to fight the Zulu tribes. This was mainly due to the fact that the British were already heavily involved in Afghanistan which had proved quite costly. However, an administrator out in South Africa thought differently – Sir Bartle Frere.
British High Commissioner Sir Bartle Frere felt that the Zulus were a threat to British control. Frere had been sent out to Cape Town with a main objective, to group the British colonies, Boer republics and independent black states in a confederation of South Africa. However, he saw the 40,000 army strong Zulus as a major stumbling.
Despite exaggerating the threat the Zulus posed to the British, the government refused to sanction war. Such was Frere desire to war against the Zulus he took matters into his own hands. Lord Chemlsford, a favorite of the Queen, also idealized at the chance at war with the Zulus. Chemlsford felt that this was a war that could be easily won by the British. When asked about Zulu king Cetshwayo reluctance to war and how would he convince him to partake, Chelmsford was defiant: “We’ll back him into a corner and make him fight”
True to his word, in December 1878 the British handed Zulu king Cetshwayo with an unacceptable ultimatum. The Zulu delegates were aghast as the full extent of the British demands were revealed. The King was to disband the amabutho system (a system which men were only allowed to marry and raise a family after years of training) and allow all men to marry at will. A British resident was to be appointed to the Zulu court to advise the king on his policies. The killing of Zulu subjects without trial was to cease. Missionaries were to be allowed to work freely in Zulu land.
It was a win-win situation for Frere. If Cetshwayo had accepted he would have effectively handed the management of his kingdom to the British, meaning that Frere had completed his objective in the first place. However, Frere knowing that the Zulu were proud of the ‘warrior’ background never seriously considered that Cetshwayo would accept his ultimatum, thus allowing him to wage the war he desired.